Comparative politics should extensive cover nation-states due to the homogeneity of the nation states which typically composed of individuals who have a near similar language and cultural preferences. Homogeneity of such nations will ultimately lead to a discriminatory framework that will effectively ostracize the nation under consideration from the neighboring countries as well as the rest of the world in a political, social and economic sense. Consequently, comparative politics must sufficiently address the politics involved in the nation states, supranational, transnational, and sub-national political frameworks that dictate different countries of the world. Such an assertion is best served by theories that include globalization and Europeanization which stretch out the disputes that would erupt from having the nation-states outlook. The following assignment deliberates over the extent to which comparative politics should influence nation states with regards to supranational, transnational, and sub-national political phenomena. Conclusively, this essay will address make evidenced-based assumptions regarding the subject mentioned above using two democratic governments as evidence.
According to the theory of Europeanism, a typically non-European nation adopts certain features of the continent in question. The nation or region becomes European-like by making certain changes to its culture, language and national appeal to mimic that of European nations. The appeal of the European continents will draw the nations or regions to adopt what they perceive as superior government systems from the west thus the name westernization. While this approach might seem rational, the nations are susceptible to importing faulty systems from the west thus necessitating the need for comparative politics as a means of providing checks and balances for such nations or regions. The regions that utilize this practice stand the risk of making a homogenous nation that will ultimately face logistical and operational difficulties. The question that requires attention in this case is how much of comparative politics is necessary to regulate the vagaries that might arise from implementing such systems of governance.
Comparative politic must, therefore, take center stage in such cases where the nation states stand to lose its identity and sovereignty in pursuit of seemingly positive European traits. Naturally, every country or nation is unique in its nature thus no tow countries should look alike. The diversity in the number of countries on the planet plays a key role in the amount of harmony and disharmony present in the international platform. Europeanism is likely to descend from single nations mimicking other seemingly superior nations and into a single entity of congruent systems of governance. The countries that mimic other European nations are likely to give up their sovereignty in exchange for the advantages that come with adopting seemingly superior European government systems.
In light of this, it is important to use comparative politics to put into context every change that occurs in the government system. Using comparatives allows governance instruments to prevent the parent states from having a similar status to supranational entities. Europeanism extrapolates the point that the European country that serves as the blueprint for other countries o copy could possibly influence the affairs of other nations indirectly. Essentially, having such powers within its grasp does not augur well for the affairs of the rest of the countries. Considering the United Kingdom, countries that model its political nature against that of the British are likely to face similar challenges to those of the British nation. Consequently, any political issues that face the UK are likely to spill over to the other country thus indirectly affecting the sovereignty of that country. Britain might decide to adopt strict immigration laws that affect how the handle international flow of non-British residents. The same laws are obviously not applicable in other countries that base their governance on democracy, those countries that adopt the system of governance will eventually face issues with such a law should they implement it fully and blindly.
Britain is a first world country, this means it is further developed in terms of its infrastructure, economy and political states. The problems facing Britain might not necessarily transition to those facing a third world nation that adopts the seemingly perfect system of governance in Britain. Using comparative politics enables those particular countries t review the kind of features they adopt from Britain in order to safeguard their sovereignty. Retrospective and in-depth review will prevent Britain from gaining powers that transcend national boundaries of government otherwise known as supranational. On the same note, comparative politics would effectively curb the emergence of transnational governments. Transnational politics refers to political undertakings that transcend international boundaries; such politics would adversely affect the individualistic nature of the numerous numbers of countries as they merge their interests. Merging their interests brings forth another concern or governance and politics in the form of globalization which is discussed below.
As a phenomenon, globalization practically involves integrating the nations and people of the world in a political, economic and cultural sense into a singular and congruent large community. Globalization essentially breaks down cultural, political and other physical boundaries in an attempt to make a single platform for the rest of the world to operate on without much respect to the individualism of the countries. Globalization primarily bases its foundation of the technological advancements and progress in civilization which tentatively link every single government and culture to the rest of the world. Globalization dissolved barriers of time and distance by enhancing the flow of information which in turn promoted greater awareness and understanding among its propagators. Despite the seemingly positive steps made by globalization, those features do not seamlessly transition to the system of governance. If anything, globalization transfers one countries problem to the neighboring and related countries by virtue of interconnecting countries.
A proper example of a single nation problem becoming a global issue is directly represented by the security issues facing the United States of America. The US faced terrorism occurrences on its soil in recent years, the occurrences of such acts led to several military responses that sought to pursue the perpetrators and bring them to justice. Countries that seemingly sided with the United States faced similar threats and actual occurrences by virtue of their association with the United States of America. Globalization is not only responsible for security issues but it also leads economic and social dislocations which inherently creates concerns over the distribution of economic gains, public concerns over job security and the impact of volatility on families, communities, and nations. Similar to the concerns created by Europeanism, globalization also brings forth several concerns which would arise from countries coming together throughout the globe to conform to a single identifiable entity.
Considering the impact globalization would continue to have on the affairs of the world, more and more countries are likely to fall into this trap both knowingly and unknowingly. The mistakes committed will happen as the countries continue to model their affairs and politics against that of the western culture specifically those in Britain and the United States of America. The rest of the countries might face such challenges through their direct association with the western world which appears to have near flawless political outlooks. The best approach towards mitigating such adverse challenges would entail extensive usage of comparative politics that transcends supranational, transnational and sub-national political boundaries. The severity of this intervention should exclusively lie on the impact of Europeanism and Globalization among other theories that dictate the evolution of civilization through modernization. The above assertions base its validity on the success such an approach would have when applied to nation-state entities that typically have homogenous citizens.
In conclusion, comparative politics is the most reliable tool to curb the adverse effects of external forces that expose governments to Europeanism, globalization, Marketization and the likes which would ultimately expose them. Comparative politics would effectively curtail their progress by ensuring that nations all over the world remain exclusive in their dealings or affairs. Through effectively scrutinizing the occurrences in the right context will allow room for effective decision making which would also determine the general trajectory of specific states as they pursue growth and development. Based on the arguments made in this essay, it is recommendable to extensively use comparative politics to realize certain goals for each country that faces the external forces mentioned in the essay above.